Most dog owners think of breeding their bitch, but they usually don’t have the facilities, experience, and time to provide good care to the puppies. It is the reason why there are various whelping services available that help the bitches give birth. Moreover, some facility centers also provide additional services and take care of the newborn puppies till seven weeks.
Following are a few standard services that most of the whelping centers provide.
- Dog Whelping services start taking care of your dog from one week before the scheduled whelp date. Moreover, there are a few services that provide services for an extra week by taking additional charges.
- Whelping service providers take care of the medication and supplements that your bitch might need during the stay. The owner of the dog usually provides the prescribed medication and drugs to the facility.
- After taking care of the dog for one or more weeks, depending upon its condition, they provide whelping for the puppies. However, if any complications arise during the whelping procedure, the whelping services hire a vet, and the owner will have to pay for the charges.
- After the birth of the services, the puppies get a proper checkup. Similarly, the bitch also receives a post whelp checkup after 1 to 3 days. The owner bears all the vet costs during the checkups as well.
- Another service that the whelping service provides is giving the puppies medications like deworming and de-protozoa that keep the puppies safe from parasites.
- Bitch and the puppies usually stay at the service for seven weeks. During this time, they socialize with other puppies and get training in retrieving, duck wings, weather permitting, whistles, and crate training.
Procedure of Whelping
One thing that can help you a lot in the whelping procedure is to know the due date. You can note the mating date of your dog that can help you estimate the due date. However, if you do not have any idea about the mating date of your dog, make a trip to the vet and find out the mating date. From the mating date of your dog, the pregnancy will last for about 63 days, but it can vary from 57 to 71 days.
Preparing a Whelping Box
After knowing your dog’s due date, the second thing you should do is to get everything ready before time. If you are thinking of taking care of the whelping procedure at home, you should set aside a quiet, safe, and comfortable species for your bitch and her puppies. It will allow the bitch you have a space without noise, interruption, and stress.
Along with a quiet and comfortable space, your dog will need a large basket that you can buy from the market or make yourself. Ensure that the room where you keep the whelping box must have a temperature of about 22°C. The package should be warm and comfortable.
You can place clean, absorbent bedding inside the box. There should be clean towels available near the whelping box. Another thing to keep in mind is that the whelping box must be big enough so that it can allow the dog to turn around and stretch. Moreover, the container should be high enough so that the puppies cannot escape but low enough so that your dog can step over.
Taking Help from Vet
You should keep the number on one vet for convenience in the hour of emergency. Moreover, you can also take advice from the vet during the whelping process.
Preparing the Dog for Birth
When your dog is ready to give birth, its birth canal will relax and become wide. During this time, its puppies will turn around into the correct position for birth. The preparation stage can last from six to twelve hours. However, you should keep in mind that it can be as long as 36 hours if the dog is nervous or giving birth for the first time. During these hours before giving birth, you might notice a few changes in your dog’s behavior. You might see restlessness, hiding, eating less, vomiting, pacing, digging, and circling the whelping box.
One more thing that you might notice is that your dog is passing red or brown mucus from her Velva. Moreover, you might also see weak contractions. Keep in mind that when your dog starts showing symptoms, you should provide her with a comfortable environment and ensure that she settles down in her whelping box.
Birth Process of Your Dog
After the contractions become substantial, your dog will start giving birth to her puppies. You will notice that the first puppy might take the longest to be born. If the contractions are still weak, it might bring your dog two to four hours to give birth to her first puppy. However, if the contractions are strong, she will give birth in about twenty to thirty minutes.
After giving birth to the first puppy, there will be a gap between the following puppies. This gap can range from five minutes to one or two hours. It would help if you did not worry about the hole as long as your dog feels comfortable.
However, if you notice that your dog is experiencing strong contractions for twenty to thirty minutes and not giving birth, you should immediately contact the vet.
Puppies are born in a way that their heads come out first. However, in some cases, the tail of the puppies comes out first. Puppies are born in a thin sac that their mother removes so that they can breathe. Moreover, after giving birth to each puppy, your dog should pass a placenta that the puppies often eat.
The placenta provides oxygen and nutrients to the puppy during its development in the womb. Placenta often appears after fifteen minutes of giving birth to each puppy.
During the birth, you should notice that your dog feels comfortable, licks her newborn, and is settled. You will see bloody or clear fluid coming out of your dog’s Velva, which is normal, but it is not normal if you notice a lot of blood coming out.
After Giving Birth
On average, giving birth to the entire litter is long and can take about three to twelve hours. However, the exact time might vary, but you should know that this process should not take longer than 24 hours. The reason is that after 24 hours, the process might become riskier for the life of your dog and her puppies.
After giving birth, your dog will become very hungry. Moreover, our dog will be tired and need rest. Ensure that after birth, the dog stays near to its puppies and feeds them. Furthermore, you should know whether the mother is bonding with her puppies or not.
Another thing to keep in mind is that the dog stays in a quiet space that is comfortable and free from noise and disturbance. After birth, you should take your dog and the puppies to the vet to check on everything and analyze that everything is fine.